Category: Diet

Team sports diet

Team sports diet

The right nutrition and hydration plan can be a game-changer. Sport RP, Tong Colon cleanse for a healthy gut, Grimshaw PN: The effects of acute creatine supplementation on multiple sprint cycling and running performance in rugby players. Yeo WK, McGee SL, Carey AL, et al. Water intoxication Hyponatraemia low blood sodium. Team sports diet

Team sports diet -

These authors concluded that carbohydrate ingestion during prolonged high-intensity exercise elicits an enhanced perceived activation profile that may impact upon task persistence and performance.

Clarke et al. On a third trial, the same volume of carbohydrate-electrolyte was consumed in smaller volumes at 0, 15, 30, 45, 60, and 75 min.

This manipulation of the timing and volume of ingestion elicited similar metabolic responses without affecting exercise performance. However, consuming fluid in small volumes reduced the sensation of gut fullness [ 44 ].

Nevertheless, limitations exist regarding the ability of team sport athletes to ingest fluid during match play. Indeed, gastric emptying of liquids is slowed during brief intermittent high-intensity exercise compared with rest or steady-state moderate exercise [ 45 ], and the intensity of football match play is sufficient to slow gastric emptying [ 46 ].

Like most athletes, team sport athletes are often interested in the potential ergogenic edge that could be gained by means of special supplements. These products are summarized in table 5. Among the proposed ergogenic supplements, creatine is the one that has been investigated the most in relation with team sports, given that its purported ergogenic action i.

enhanced recovery of the phosphocreatine power system matches the activity profile of team sports. Various investigations indicate that both acute and chronic creatine supplementation may contribute to improved training and competition performance in team sports [ 47,48,49,50,51 ].

Sports foods and supplements that are of likely benefit to team sport players adapted from Burke [24]. Caffeine ingestion has also been shown to enhance team sport performance by improving speed, power, intermittent sprint ability, jump performance and passing accuracy [ 52,53,54,55 ].

However, conflicting results are not lacking in the literature [ 56 ]. Other dietary supplements with a potential but yet unclear ergogenic effect for team sport performance include induced metabolic alkalosis via bicarbonate ingestion to reduce fatigue during competition [ 57,58 ] or to enhance adaptations to training [ 59 ].

β-Alanine supplementation, to increase muscle stores of the intracellular buffer carnosine, may also provide benefits and requires further study using protocols suited to team sports [ 60 ]. Colostrum supplementation has a conflicting literature with respect to its effects on recovery and illness [ 61 ] but includes one study in which supplementation over 8 weeks improved the sprint performance of hockey players [ 62 ].

Dietary habits of team sport athletes have not been as well studied as those of individual sport athletes. Clark et al. Total energy, carbohydrate, protein, and fat intakes were significantly greater during the preseason. In a similar investigation, Iglesias-Gutiérrez et al.

Daily energy expenditure and energy intake were Another investigation on football players of various ages [ 65 ] also observed that the contribution of carbohydrate to total energy intake was lower than that recommended for athletes.

Garrido et al. All of the above suggest that well-designed nutritional education and interventions are necessary to optimize performance and promote healthy eating habits in team sport players.

Sign In or Create an Account. Search Dropdown Menu. header search search input Search input auto suggest. filter your search All Content All Journals Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism.

Advanced Search. Skip Nav Destination Close navigation menu Article navigation. Volume 57, Issue Suppl.

Physiological Characteristics of Match Play in Team Sports. Achieving Ideal Physique for Team Sports. Fuel for Training Adaptation, Recovery and Match Preparation. Fuel and Fluid for Match Play. Supplements and Sports Foods for Team Sports.

Practical Nutrition Considerations for the Team Athlete. Disclosure Statement. Article Navigation. Review Articles February 22 Nutrition in Team Sports Subject Area: Endocrinology , Further Areas , Nutrition and Dietetics , Public Health.

Iñigo Mujika ; Iñigo Mujika. a USP Araba Sport Clinic, Vitoria-Gasteiz, and. b Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine and Odontology, University of the Basque Country, Leioa, Spain;. This Site. Google Scholar.

Louise M. Burke Louise M. c Sports Nutrition, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, A. Ann Nutr Metab 57 Suppl. Article history Published Online:. Cite Icon Cite. toolbar search Search Dropdown Menu. toolbar search search input Search input auto suggest. Table 1 Factors related to nutrition that could produce fatigue or suboptimal performance in team sports.

View large. View Large. Table 2 Risk factors and strategies to manage unwanted gain of body fat among players in team sports adapted from Burke [24]. Table 3 Fuel requirements for training and match play adapted for team players adapted from Burke and Cox [ 39 ].

Table 4 Opportunities to drink during a match play in selected team sports adapted from Burke and Hawley [32]. Table 5 Sports foods and supplements that are of likely benefit to team sport players adapted from Burke [24]. The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Hawley J, Burke L: Peak Performance: Training and Nutritional Strategies for Sport. St Leonards, Allen and Unwin, Reilly T, Thomas V: A motion analysis of work-rate in different positional roles in professional football match-play.

J Hum Mov Studies ;— Spencer M, Bishop D, Dawson B, Goodman C: Physiological and metabolic responses of repeated-sprint activities: specific to field-based team sports. Sports Med ;— Rampinini E, Bishop D, Marcora SM, Ferrari Bravo D, Sassi R, Impellizzeri FM: Validity of simple field tests as indicators of match-related physical performance in top-level professional soccer players.

Int J Sports Med ;— Bangsbo J: The physiology of soccer: with special reference to intense intermittent exercise. Acta Physiol Scand ;— Ekblom B: Applied physiology of soccer. Matthew D, Delextrat A: Heart rate, blood lactate concentration, and time-motion analysis of female basketball players during competition.

J Sports Sci ;— Reilly T, Borrie A: Physiology applied to field hockey. Stølen T, Chamari K, Castagna C, Wisløff U: Physiology of soccer: an update. Ziv G, Lidor R: Physical attributes, physiological characteristics, on-court performances and nutritional strategies of female and male basketball players.

Duthie G, Pyne DB, Hooper S: Applied physiology and game analysis of rugby union. Reilly T: Football; in Reilly T, Secher N, Snell P, Williams C eds : Physiology of Sports.

London, Spon, , pp — Tang JE, Moore DR, Kujbida GW, Tarnopolsky MA, Phillips SM: Ingestion of whey hydrolysate, casein, or soy protein isolate: effects on mixed muscle protein synthesis at rest and following resistance exercise in young men.

J Appl Physiol ;— Moore DR, Robinson MJ, Fry JL, Tang JE, Glover EI, Wilkinson SB, Prior T, Tarnopolsky MA, Phillips SM: Ingested protein dose response of muscle and albumin protein synthesis after resistance exercise in young men. Am J Clin Nutr ;— Saltin B: Metabolic fundamentals in exercise.

Med Sci Sports ;— Krustrup P, Mohr M, Steensberg A, Bencke J, Kjaer M, Bangsbo J: Muscle and blood metabolites during a soccer game: implications for sprint performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc ;— Bangsbo J, Norregaard L, Thorsoe F: The effect of carbohydrate diet on intermittent exercise performance.

Balsom PD, Wood K, Olsson P, Ekblom B: Carbohydrate intake and multiple sprint sports: with special reference to football soccer. Abt G, Zhou S, Weatherby R: The effect of a high-carbohydrate diet on the skill performance of midfield soccer players after intermittent treadmill exercise.

J Sci Med Sport ;— Akermark C, Jacobs I, Rasmusson M, Karlsson J: Diet and muscle glycogen concentration in relation to physical performance in Swedish elite ice hockey players. Int J Sport Nutr ;— Zehnder M, Rico-Sanz J, Kuhne G, Boutellier U: Resynthesis of muscle glycogen after soccer specific performance examined by 13 C-magnetic resonance spectroscopy in elite players.

Eur J Appl Physiol ;— Jacobs I, Westlin N, Karlsson J, Rasmusson M, Houghton B: Muscle glycogen and diet in elite soccer players. Zehnder M, Muelli M, Buchli R, Kuehne G, Boutellier U: Further glycogen decrease during early recovery after eccentric exercise despite a high carbohydrate intake.

Eur J Nutr ;— Burke L: Field-based team sports; in Burke L ed : Practical Sports Nutrition. Champaign, Human Kinetics Publishers, , pp — Burke LM: Fuelling strategies to optimise performance — Training high or training low? Scand J Med Sci Sports ;20 Suppl 2 : 48— Baar K, McGee SL: Optimizing training adaptations by manipulating glycogen.

Eur J Sport Sci ;— Hansen AK, Fischer CP, Plomgaard P, Andersen JL, Saltin B, Pedersen BK: Skeletal muscle adaptation: training twice every second day vs training once daily. Yeo WK, Paton CD, Garnham AP, Burke LM, Carey AL, Hawley JA: Skeletal muscle adaptation and performance responses to once a day versus twice every second day endurance training regimens.

Cox GR, Clark SA, Cox AJ, Halson SL, Hargreaves M, Hawley JA, Jeacocke N, Snow RJ, Yeo WK, Burke LM: Daily training with high carbohydrate availability increases exogenous carbohydrate oxidation during endurance cycling. Hulston CJ, Venables MC, Mann CH, Martin C, Philp A, Baar K, Jeukendrup AE: Training with low muscle glycogen enhances fat metabolism in well-trained cyclists.

Morton JP, Croft L, Bartlett JD, Maclaren DP, Reilly T, Evans L, McArdle A, Drust B: Reduced carbohydrate availability does not modulate training-induced heat shock protein adaptations but does upregulate oxidative enzyme activity in human skeletal muscle.

Burke LM, Hawley JA: Fluid balance in team sports. Guidelines for optimal practices. Maughan RJ, Merson SJ, Broad NP, Shirreffs SM: Fluid and electrolyte intake and loss in elite soccer players during training.

Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab ;— Shirreffs SM, Aragon-Vargas LF, Chamorro M, Maughan RJ, Serratosa L, Zachwieja JJ: The sweating response of elite professional soccer players to training in the heat. Maughan RJ, Watson P, Evans GH, Broad N, Shirreffs SM: Water balance and salt losses in competitive football.

Mohr M, Mujika I, Santisteban J, Randers MB, Bischof R, Solano R, Hewitt A, Zubillaga A, Peltola E, Krustrup P: Examination of fatigue patterns in elite soccer — A multi-experimental approach. Scand J Med Sci Sports ;20 Suppl 3 — McGregor SJ, Nicholas CW, Lakomy HKA, Williams C: The influence of intermittent high-intensity shuttle running and fluid ingestion on the performance of a soccer skill.

Edwards AM, Noakes TD: Dehydration: cause of fatigue or sign of pacing in elite soccer? Burke L, Cox G: The Complete Guide to Food for Sports Performance, ed 3. Sydney, Allen and Unwin, Nicholas CW, Williams C, Lakomy HK, Phillips G, Nowitz A: Influence of ingesting a carbohydrate-electrolyte solution on endurance capacity during intermittent, high-intensity shuttle running.

However, consuming fluid in small volumes reduced the sensation of gut fullness Clarke et al. Indeed, gastric emptying of liquids is slowed during brief intermittent high-intensity exercise compared with rest or steady-state moderate exercise Leiper et al.

These products are summarized in Table 5. Among the proposed nutritional ergogenic supplements, creatine Cr is the one that has been investigated the most in relation with team sports, given that its purported ergogenic action i.

enhanced recovery of the phosphocreatine power system matches the activity profilent of team sports. Various investigations indicate that both acute and chronic Cr supplementation may contribute to improved training and competition performance in team sports e.

Ahmun et al. Table 5: Sports foods and dietary supplements that are of likely benefit to team sport players adapted from Burke, However, conflicting results are not lacking in the literature Paton et al. Beta-alanine supplementation, to increase muscle stores of the intracellular buffer carnosine, may also provide benefits and requires further study using protocols suited to team sports Derave et al.

Colostrum supplementation has conflicting reports with respect to its effects on recovery and illness Shing et al. Beetroot juice, a source of nitrate, may enhance sports performance by mechanisms including an increase in exercise economy Wylie et al.

Holway and Spriet summarized the dietary intake studies of team sport athletes published over the past 30 years. It is difficult to make broad generalizations as data are skewed to certain team sports football, basketball and volleyball with little or no contemporary information reported on others e.

cricket, rugby union, water polo, hockey. However, weighted averages for energy intake were Relative to body mass, male team sport athletes reported eating an average of 5. This is less that reported for athletes engaged in individual team sports Burke, Not surprisingly, larger athletes were reported to consume more energy and pre-season intakes were greater than in-season intakes, perhaps to accommodate the additional conditioning work incorporated into the preparatory training phase.

Some evidence suggests the dietary quality of team sport athletes is less than what is reported for athletes involved in individual sports Clark et al. For instance, alcohol intakes of team sport athletes appear higher than other athlete groups Van Erp-Baart et al.

The team culture of celebrating a win and commiserating a loss often leads to excessive consumption of alcohol during the post-game period.

Implications of such behaviour include a decrease in muscle protein synthesis Parr et al. These issues need to be considered by sports nutrition professionals consulting with team sport athletes and highlight the need for a thorough dietary review of individual player habits and the team culture.

Implementation of appropriate systems including a performance kitchen can capture the imagination of players around key nutrition principles, while enhancing team culture. Akermark C, Jacobs I, Rasmusson M, Karlsson J.

Ali A, Williams C, Nicholas CW, Foskett A. Areta JL, Burke LM, Ross ML, Camera DM, West DW, Broad EM, Jeacocke NA, Moore DR, Stellingwerff T, Phillips SM, Hawley JA, Coffey VG.

Backhouse SH, Ali A, Biddle SJ, Williams C. Balsom PD, Wood K, Olsson P, Ekblom B. Bangsbo J, Norregaard L, Thorsoe F. Bangsbo J.

Barr, McGee. Bishop D, Claudius B. Burke L. In Can J Appl Physiol. Human Kinetics Publishers: Champaign. pp Burke L, Cox G. The complete guide to Food for sports performance.

Sydney: Allen and Unwin. Burke L, Hawley JA. Guidelines for optimal practices. Burke L, Gollan RA, Read RS. Clark M, Reed DB, Crouse SF, Armstrong RB. Clarke ND, Drust B, MacLaren DP, Reilly T. Clarke ND, Drust B, Maclaren DP, Reilly T.

Cornish SM, Chilibeck PD, Burke DG. Cox G, Mujika I, Tumilty D, Burke L. Cox GR, Clark SA, Cox AJ, Halson SL, Hargreaves M, Hawley JA, Jeacocke N, Snow RJ, Yeo WK, Burke LM. Derave W, Everaert I, Beeckman S, Baguet A.

Duthie G, Pyne DB, Hooper S. Edge J, Bishop D, Goodman C. Edwards AM, Noakes TD. Ekblom B. Farajian, P, Kavouras, SA, Yannakoulia, M, Sidossis, LS. Foskett A, Ali A, Gant N. Garrido G, Webster AL, Chamorro M.

Garth AK, Burke LM. Hansen AK, Fischer CP, Plomgaard P, Andersen JL, Saltin B, Pedersen BK. training once daily. Hawley J, Burke L. Peak Performance: Training and Nutritional Strategies for Sport.

Hofman Z, Smeets R, Verlaan G, Lugt R, Verstappen PA. Holway FE, Spriet LL. Hulston CJ, Venables MC, Mann CH, Martin C, Philp A, Baar K, Jeukendrup AE. Iglesias-Gutiérrez E, García-Rovés PM, Rodríguez C, Braga S, García-Zapico P, Patterson AM.

A necessary and accurate approach. Jacobs I, Westlin N, Karlsson J, Rasmusson M, Houghton B. Krustrup P, Mohr M, Steensberg A, Bencke J, Kjaer M, Bangsbo J. Leiper JB, Broad NP, Maughan RJ. Leiper JB, Prentice AS, Wrightson C, Maughan RJ. Linseman ME, Palmer MS, Sprenger HM, Spriet LL.

Matthew D, Delextrat A. Maughan RJ, Merson SJ, Broad NP, Shirreffs SM. Maughan RJ, Watson P, Evans GH, Broad N, Shirreffs SM. McGregor SJ, Nicholas CW, Lakomy HKA, Williams C. Mohr M, Mujika I, Santisteban J, Randers MB, Bischof R, Solano R, Hewitt A, Zubillaga A, Peltola E, Krustrup P.

Moore DR, Robinson MJ, Fry JL, Tang JE, Glover EI, Wilkinson SB, Prior T, Tarnopolsky MA, Phillips SM. Morton JP, Croft L, Bartlett JD, Maclaren DP, Reilly T, Evans L, McArdle A, Drust B. Mujika I, Padilla S, Ibañez J, Izquierdo M, Gorostiaga E.

Nicholas CW, Williams C, Lakomy HK, Phillips G, Nowitz A. Ostojic SM. Parr EB, Camera DM, Areta JL, Burke LM, Phillips SM, Hawley JA, Coffey VG. In PLoS One. Paton CD, Hopkins WG, Vollebregt L.

Rampinini E, Bishop D, Marcora SM, Ferrari Bravo D, Sassi R, Impellizzeri FM. Reilly T, Borrie A. Reilly T. in: Reilly T, Secher N, Snell P, Williams C. Physiology of sports. London: E. Reilly T, Thomas V. Roberts SP, Stokes KA, Trewartha G, Doyle J, Hogben P, Thompson D.

Ruiz F, Irazusta A, Gil S, Irazusta J, Casis L, Gil J. Saltin, B. Schneiker KT, Bishop D, Dawson B, Hackett LP. Shing CM, Hunter DC, Stevenson LM.

Shirreffs SM, Aragon-Vargas LF, Chamorro M, Maughan RJ, Serratosa L, Zachwieja JJ. Spencer M, Bishop D, Dawson B, Goodman C.

Stølen T, Chamari K, Castagna C, Wisløff U. Stuart GR, Hopkins WG, Cook C, Cairns SP. Tan F, Polglaze T, Cox G, Dawson B, Mujika I, Clark S.

Tang JE, Moore DR, Kujbida GW, Tarnopolsky MA, Phillips SM. Van Erp-Baart, AMJ, Saris, W H. M, Binkhorst, RA, Vos, JA, Elvers, JWH. Part I. Energy, carbohydrate, protein, and fat intake. Wall BT, Morton JP, van Loon LJ. In Eur J Sport Sci. West DW, Burd NA, Coffey VG, Baker SK, Burke LM, Hawley JA, Moore DR, Stellingwerff T, Phillips SM.

Wylie L, Mohr M, Krustup P, Jackson S, Ermidis K, Kelly J, Black M, Bailey S, Vanhatalo A, Jones AM. In Eur J Appl Physiol. Yeo WK, Paton CD, Garnham AP, Burke LM, Carey AL, Hawley JA.

Zehnder M, Muelli M, Buchli R, Kuehne G, Boutellier U. Zehnder M, Rico-Sanz J, Kuhne G, Boutellier U. Ziv G, Lidor R. Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of the Basque Country, Spain. Department of Sports Nutrition, Australian Institute of Sport AIS , Canberra, Australia.

The text and other elements illustrations, imported files may be used under OpenEdition Books License , unless otherwise stated. Check if your institution has already acquired this book: authentification to OpenEdition Freemium for Books.

You can suggest to your institution to acquire one or more ebooks published on OpenEdition Books. Do not hesitate to give them our contact information: OpenEdition - Freemium Department access openedition. org 22 rue John Maynard Keynes Bat. C - F Marseille You can also fill in the form below with, which will enable us to forward your librarians your suggestion of acquisition.

Thank you. We will forward your request to your library as soon as possible. Address : 11, avenue du Tremblay Paris France. OpenEdition is a web platform for electronic publishing and academic communication in the humanities and social sciences. Desktop version Mobile version. OpenEdition Books INSEP-Éditions Recherche Nutrition and Performance in Sport Topic 1.

Nutrition for team sports. Topic 3. Topic 2. Fluid and food intake strategies of Olympic distance elite Nutrition and Performance in Sport Christophe Hausswirth. Chapter 4. Nutrition and specific sport populations.

Search inside the book. Table of contents. Cite Share. Cited by. information page reviewed by. Topic 1. Nutrition for team sports Iñigo Mujika , Louise M Burke and Gregory R Cox. Abstract Text Bibliography Author s. Abstract Team sports are based on intermittent high-intensity activity patterns but the exact characteristics vary between and within codes, and from one game to the next.

Full text. Introduction 1 Team sports share the common feature of intermittent high-intensity activity patterns, but experience marked variability of game characteristics between sports, between positions and playing styles within the same sport, and from one match to the next.

Physiological characteristics of match play in team sports 2 Most team sports e. Salt depletion? There is anecdotal evidence that salt depletion may increase the risk of a specific type of whole-body muscle cramp Salty sweaters — individuals with high sweat rates and high sweat sodium concentrations who may acutely or chronically deplete exchangeable sodium pools Water intoxication Hyponatraemia low blood sodium Excessive intake of fluids can lead to hyponatraemia ranging from mild often asymptomatic to severe can be fatal Players with low sweat losses e.

low activity or game time who overzealously consume fluid before and during a match 3. Achieving ideal physique for team sports 4 Although the physique requirements of team sports vary across and within sports, there are some common elements. Fuel for training adaptation, recovery and match preparation 6 According to Table 1, a mismatch between the carbohydrate needs of training and competition and dietary carbohydrate intake can be a cause of poor performance in team sports.

Zoom in Original jpeg, k. Bibliography 8. Bibliographic references Akermark C, Jacobs I, Rasmusson M, Karlsson J. Author s Iñigo Mujika. By the same author Thème 1.

Nutrition et sports collectifs in Nutrition et performance en sport : la science au bout de la fourchette , , Chapitre 1. Charge d'entraînement et surcompensation in Améliorer sa récupération en sport , , Chapitre 2.

La périodisation de l'entraînement et sa récupération in Améliorer sa récupération en sport , , All texts. Louise M Burke.

Iñigo Mujika Colon cleanse for a healthy gut, Louise Splrts. Burke; Nutrition in Team Sports. Riet Nutr Tesm 1 February ; 57 Suppl. Team sports are based on intermittent high-intensity activity patterns, but the exact characteristics vary between and within codes, and from one game to the next. Despite the challenge of predicting exact game demands, performance in team sports is often dependent on nutritional factors. where det Team sports diet repeated dief of brief high-intensity exercise punctuated doet lower Team sports diet activity. Sportw are generally 2—4 s long and recovery between Sustainable weight loss is of variable length. Dieg production Multivitamin for prenatal health brief sprints is derived from the degradation of intra-muscular phosphocreatine and glycogen anaerobic metabolism. Prolonged periods of multiple sprints drain muscle glycogen stores, leading to a decrease in power output and a reduction in general work rate during training and competition. The impact of dietary carbohydrate interventions on team sport performance have been typically assessed using intermittent variable-speed shuttle running over a distance of 20 m.

Author: Nakus

5 thoughts on “Team sports diet

  1. Nach meiner Meinung lassen Sie den Fehler zu. Ich kann die Position verteidigen. Schreiben Sie mir in PM, wir werden reden.

Leave a comment

Yours email will be published. Important fields a marked *

Design by ThemesDNA.com