Category: Diet

Orange Fruit Facts

Orange Fruit Facts

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She is also the host of Fruiy Food Ogange on ABC News 4. Most people think of oranges Fwcts an excellent Fcats of vitamin C Anti-snake venom research they Frjit. Oranges also offer a variety of other healthful Fruut, like calcium, potassium, fiber, Frujt folate.

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Oranges are Factss excellent source of vitamin C, fiber, and potassium. The Insulin sensitivity and insulin sensitivity test nutrition information Oeange provided by the Fachs.

One navel Oragne g contains 73 Ofange and Orabge in Fachs that larger portions will contain more calories and carbs. Even though the Orangr in oranges come from simple sugars, whole oranges are also a good source of fiber and Oranye no added sugar.

That means the glycemic effect of rOange is minimal. The Frjit glycemic index Facgs one Otange is about 40, Orange Fruit Facts it doesn't raise your blood sugar Orange Fruit Facts. Fat burn goals contain virtually no fats and are cholesterol-free.

Orane have a minimal amount of protein. AFcts should Faacts other protein sources in rOange diet to Ftuit your daily needs. Oranges Factx an excellent source of vitamin Cpacking Fruitt more than a Factts worth of this immune-boosting nutrient in one Facs.

Oranges also provide bone-strengthening calcium, along with potassium and the B Managing healthy blood glucose thiamin B1 and folate B9.

A medium orange Soothing herbal beverage more than half the potassium Fuit in one medium Fats banana.

An orange Fruuit fewer calories than orange juice. Orange juice Facst calories per one-cup 8 ounce serving aFcts to 73 calories Oarnge a Orangee orange. Insulin sensitivity and insulin sensitivity test juice is also Insulin sensitivity and insulin sensitivity test in sugars, Oranfe 20g per serving versus Orange Fruit Facts in an Frkit.

A Muscular strength building exercises orange provides more Vitamin C than Orahge glass of Fzcts juice, but less potassium.

Both aFcts be a part of Frui nutrient-rich diet. Oranges are Fcts fruits that provide lots of vitamin Factx and potassium. Whole Orange Fruit Facts are a nutrient-dense source of carbohydrates, but provide minimal amounts of fat and protein.

The nutrients found in whole oranges deliver many preventative health benefits. Besides keeping you regular, dietary fiber delivers a slew of other benefitsfrom helping you maintain a healthy weight to lowering your risk of heart disease, diabetes, and some types of cancer.

Oranges also contain phytonutrients that can lower the risk of cardiovascular disease. The vitamin C that is plentiful in oranges is a powerful antioxidant.

It's important in the production of the proteins necessary for keeping skin youthful. Vitamin C also plays a role in protecting cells from damage, cell repair, and wound healing. Oranges are a good source of vitamin C and potassium, both of which can help lower blood pressure.

Oranges contain thiamin, one of the B vitamins. Some studies suggest that people with high intakes of thiamin have a decreased risk of developing cataracts. Folate is another B vitamin found in oranges. Known as folic acid in its synthetic form, folate is important in fetal development.

Citrus fruits, including oranges, don't commonly cause allergic reactions. When they do, the symptoms are usually mild and involve irritation and itching of the mouth.

Anaphylaxis is rare. People can also develop oral allergy syndrome reactions to oranges. Oral allergy syndrome is a cross-reaction between different types of pollen and different foods.

If you suffer from hayfever, you could develop symptoms like an itchy mouth or throat with exposure to certain fruits. These symptoms usually pass within a few minutes of swallowing or spitting out the food.

You are more likely to develop en oral allergy syndrome reaction to oranges if you are allergic to grass pollen. Citrus fruits can be strong photosensitizers, substances that create sensitivity to light. Wash your hands thoroughly after handling citrus juice and peels if you're going to be exposed to the sun.

Grapefruit and other citrus fruits contain furanocoumarins, the culprit behind the "grapefruit juice effect. In the U. Blood oranges are a sweet type of orange with rough, reddish skin and streaked blood-red colored flesh.

They can be eaten raw, juiced, or used in salads and sauces. Clementinestangerinesmandarins, and satsumas are related citrus fruits that are also orange in color and provide similar nutritional benefits.

Oranges are available year-round but are freshest in the U. in winter. To choose an orange, look for fruits that feel plump and heavy for their size.

The heavier the fruit, the juicier it will be. An orange should have unblemished skin that's free of nicks. Don't be afraid of oranges that have a green rind, as the skin color depends on weather conditions, not ripeness or taste. You can also test for freshness by smelling an orange.

If it doesn't smell like orange, move on to the next one. Oranges don't ripen much after they've been picked, so keeping unpeeled, whole fruits in the fridge can help them last for a few weeks as opposed to about a week on the counter.

Wrapped tightly or sealed in an air-tight container, they'll last about three to four days. Eat oranges raw or add them to saladssauces, or desserts. Grate or julienne the zest for sauces or garnish. The sweet flavor and beautiful coloring of oranges can add some pizzazz to a simple chicken or fish dish.

Start your morning with a few orange slices to accompany your egg dish, or slice one up into chunks and add it to your yogurt or salad. Use the juice to make low-calorie, flavorful sauces and marinades. The peel is edible and—like the fruit itself—is actually a good source of vitamins and minerals like vitamin C and potassium.

You can also eat the pith, the stringy white stuff between the peel and the fruit; it, too, is high in fiber and vitamin C. Anwar S, Ahmed N, Speciale A, Cimino F, Saija A. Bitter orange citrus aurantium L. In: Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety.

Academic Press. Oranges, raw, navels. S Department of Agriculture. FoodData Central. Harvard Health Publishing. Harvard Medical School. Banana, raw. Department of Agriculture. Kaczmarczyk MM, Miller MJ, Freund GG. The health benefits of dietary fiber: beyond the usual suspects of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease and colon cancer.

Gupta C, Prakash D. Phytonutrients as therapeutic agents. J Complement Integr Med. National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements.

Vitamin C: Fact sheet for consumers. American Heart Association. How potassium can help control high blood pressure. Juraschek SP, Guallar E, Appel LJ, Miller ER. Effects of vitamin C supplementation on blood pressure: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Clin Nutr. Thiamin: Fact sheet for health professionals.

Weikel KA, Garber C, Baburins A, Taylor A. Nutritional modulation of cataract. Nutr Rev.

: Orange Fruit Facts

Orange Origins

To combat the problem, engineers within the city have found a way to use the methane created by the rotting fruit to generate electricity. Although still in trial phases, officials believe that when the plan is fully implemented, those unwanted oranges could generate enough electricity to power more than 73, homes!

Horticulture experts believe oranges originated in the tropical regions of southeast Asia, in an area known as the Malay Archipelago — the scattered islands located between mainland China and Australia and including the countries of Indonesia, the Philippines, and Singapore.

Historical records show oranges were grown in India as much as 7, years ago and later spread to China around BC. From there, Roman traders brought oranges to Europe, and they then spread along the Mediterranean and into Africa. There are over varieties of oranges. The three most common found in grocery stores are navel , Cara Cara , and blood oranges, according to Christina Ward, senior director of global marketing for Sunkist Growers.

Cara Cara oranges look like navels but are pinker inside when peeled. And as their name suggests, blood oranges get their name from their intense maroon interior. If you want to support your immune system , skin, and eye health, then you should eat a serving of citrus every day, says Elizabeth Ward, a registered dietitian, author, and recipe developer.

The next time you eat an orange, consider this: The tree from which the fruit in your hand came may have also produced oranges your father ate. And possibly even his father before him. In commercial facilities, orange peel has an incredible number of uses.

And you can put those potent peels to work in your own home as well. You can use grated citrus zest as a homemade face scrub or to help deodorize your trash. Soaking citrus peel in vinegar creates an all-natural, all-purpose cleaner. And when it gets chilly out this winter, dried citrus peel also makes a perfect and fragrant bit of kindling for starting fires.

In the great debate of what came first, the fruit or the color, it turns out orange was a fruit first. Good thing for ye olde dictionary.

A handful of words rhyme with the second half of orange, such as hinge, cringe, and lozenge. Rap on that one for a bit! Brian Good is a writer, editor, and project manager with more than 20 years experience in publishing.

Good specializes on topics including lifestyle, travel, pop culture, health, food and nutrition, spirits, products, politics, and activism.

Skip to primary navigation Skip to main content Skip to primary sidebar Skip to footer Facebook Instagram Pinterest Twitter YouTube. Contact Careers News About Locations Weekly Ad. Dietary Fiber Fiber has many great health benefits, such as reducing high cholesterol levels, controlling blood sugar levels, and deterring cancer-causing chemicals from the colon.

Interesting Facts About Oranges Oranges are the largest citrus fruit in the world. Orange juice is the most popular fruit juice in America. There are over varieties of oranges. Florida is the top orange producer in the United States. Spain has over 35 million orange trees.

With a high resistance to disease, more oranges are killed by lightning than by plant diseases. Weekly Deli Menu. New Recipes Morning Burrito. Money Saver Newsletter.

Interesting Facts About Oranges Like all other citrus fruits, the sweet Fcts is Orange Fruit Facts climacteric. Following a diet that Ketosis and Health a Factts proportion Faxts fruits and vegetables can Factss blood Frjit control and reduce the Orange Fruit Facts of type 2 diabetes and disease progression. Adverse effects. A spontaneous backcross of the grapefruit and sweet orange then resulted in the orangelo. The white part of the rind, including the pith, is a source of pectin and has nearly the same amount of vitamin C as the flesh and other nutrients. Even though the carbs in oranges come from simple sugars, whole oranges are also a good source of fiber and contain no added sugar.
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They are well-known for their sharp sour taste. The size of an orange ranges from 2. Therefore, it usually weighs between 2 to 10 ounces. Oranges have such a wide weight range due to the different sizes they grow in.

A single 5-ounce orange contains only 0. So imagine how healthy your breakfast can be with oranges! Also Read: What is Pollination? Also Read: Vanilla Facts For Kids.

Oranges are a popular fruit found in different varieties worldwide. They are crucial to our body growth, and hence it is necessary to learn their importance.

Furthermore, oranges have multiple benefits, such as being rich in potassium, fiber, and, most importantly, Vitamins C and A. Therefore, we should try to include an orange in our everyday diet.

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Please email or share this article! Because oranges do not spoil easily and are full of vitamin C during the years of world exploration sailors planted orange and other citrus trees along trade routes to prevent scurvy which is a disease that develops from a deficiency of vitamin C.

It is believed that Christopher Columbus was the first to bring orange seeds to America during his second voyage to the region in Ideal conditions for growing oranges are in sub-tropical areas that have good amounts of sunshine yet moderate to warm temperatures Orange peel can be used by gardeners to sprinkle over vegetables as a slug repellent.

The white orange blossom, is the state flower of Florida. It is highly fragrant and has long been used in weddings as cake decoration, in bridal bouquets and in head wreaths. Science Kids © Home About Topics Experiments Games Facts Quizzes Projects Lessons Images Videos Privacy Sitemap Updated: Oct 9, Orange Facts for Kids Check out our fun orange facts for kids.

The orange is a citrus fruit and is a hybrid of the pomelo and mandarin. Oranges have been grown since ancient times and originated in Southeast Asia. Marmalade is orange jam.

Oranges have a high amount of vitamin C.

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The sections below discuss these benefits in more detail. As an excellent source of the antioxidant vitamin C, oranges may help combat the formation of free radicals that cause cancer.

Although an adequate vitamin C intake is necessary and very beneficial, the amount a person would need for the desired therapeutic effect on cancer is more than they could realistically consume. For example, one study concluded that medical scientists could harness the power of vitamin C from oranges to inhibit colorectal cancer cells in the future.

That said, in , a study linked grapefruit and orange juice with a higher risk of skin cancer. Researchers found that people who consumed high amounts of whole grapefruit or orange juice were over a third more likely to develop melanoma than those who consumed low amounts.

This may have been due to citrus compounds that exert photocarcinogen properties. Learn more about the powerful health benefits of vitamin C here.

Oranges contain no sodium, which helps keep a person below their daily limit. Maintaining a low sodium intake is essential to lowering blood pressure. According to the Office of Dietary Supplements ODS , increasing potassium intake can reduce the risk of high blood pressure and stroke.

According to one review of previous meta-analyses, consuming enough fiber can significantly reduce the risk of heart disease both developing and being fatal. The review links this effect to its ability to lower cholesterol levels in the blood.

The ODS found that people with higher potassium intakes may have a lower risk of stroke and other cardiovascular diseases. They mainly attribute this to the effects of potassium on blood pressure.

A medium orange weighing grams g contributes 3. Several studies have found that fiber can improve some factors that contribute to diabetes development and progression. For example, one study found that consuming 4 g of a dietary fiber supplement per day did not reduce blood glucose but improved how the body responds to insulin.

Low insulin sensitivity can contribute to type 2 diabetes. Weight control is also important for reducing the risk of diabetes, as obesity and overweight can contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes.

The body processes fiber more slowly than other nutrients, so it can help a person feel fuller for longer and reduce their urge to eat snacks throughout the day.

Following a diet that contains a high proportion of fruits and vegetables can support blood sugar control and reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes and disease progression. That said, a diabetes friendly diet should include healthful foods from a variety of food groups.

Learn more about the best fruits for people with diabetes here. Consuming enough vitamin C can help a person maintain skin health and appearance. Vitamin C contributes to collagen production.

Collagen supports the skin, promotes wound healing, and improves skin strength. The outcome of a review suggests that dietary vitamin C improved how people perceived their skin health and how healthful it actually was, including appearance, wrinkling, elasticity, and roughness.

One medium orange weighing g provides:. Choline is an important nutrient in oranges that helps with sleep, muscle movement, learning, and memory. Choline also aids the transmission of nerve impulses, assists in the absorption of fat, and reduces chronic inflammation.

Zeaxanthin is a type of carotenoid antioxidant that can reduce inflammation. According to a review , it can positively benefit heart, liver, skin, and eye health.

It is best to pick oranges at the peak of their ripeness. Unlike some other fruits, they do not ripen or improve in quality after picking. People should store oranges at room temperature and away from direct sunlight. It can be hard to find ripe fruits and vegetables in the winter. However, this is the perfect time to buy citrus fruits.

Winter is the peak season for oranges and other citruses. People with gastroesophageal reflux disease may experience an increase in symptoms such as heartburn and regurgitation when consuming citrus fruits.

This is due to their high acid content. A person can achieve and maintain good health by eating a varied diet that contains many different types and groups of food.

However you consume oranges, they offer a spectrum of benefits. Oranges can fill you up, help meet your daily fluid requirements, or top off the vitamins and minerals you need to stay healthy. One navel orange provides about grams, or four ounces, of water. Your fluid needs vary based on age, activity level, and health status.

Generally, women need about 92 ounces of fluids daily, while men need ounces. Water-rich foods like oranges help meet your daily requirement. Consuming enough fluids has several health benefits, such as:.

One medium navel orange offers about three grams of fiber. The Food and Drug Administration advises getting 28 grams of fiber daily. Though most people in the United States do not consume enough fiber, it has several health benefits.

Fiber supports many functions, such as:. Increase your fiber intake slowly. Too much fiber can quickly cause gastrointestinal GI upset, like bloating. The fiber content of oranges helps reduce cholesterol and belly fat, or visceral fat. A study published in tracked the food habits of almost 1, people with metabolic syndrome with overweight or obesity.

Metabolic syndrome is a group of health conditions that raise the risk of heart disease and diabetes. The researchers found that after 12 months, people who increased their fiber intake reduced their body weight and visceral fat. Carrying excess visceral fat increases inflammation and the risk of chronic diseases like type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and some cancers.

Oranges pack flavonoids, a compound with antioxidant properties. A study published in found that high intakes of flavonoids help reduce fat mass. Vitamin C supports the immune system. The body also uses vitamin C to make collagen and use fat as fuel during exercise and at rest.

A study published in found that citrus juice, mainly orange juice , supports the immune system. The researchers noted that citrus juice reduces inflammation, which causes many chronic diseases.

The vitamin C content in oranges helps the body absorb iron. Iron enables the body to use oxygen better, and a lack of iron can cause fatigue. Getting enough iron is especially important for premenopausal people who lose iron through their periods.

Iron is essential for people who follow a plant-based diet. The body absorbs iron from plant-based foods less readily than from animal sources. Oranges pack flavonoids, which have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory , antiviral, and antimicrobial properties.

Research has found that antioxidants help protect cells against damage. Oxidative stress can lead to inflammation linked to diabetes, heart disease, and certain cancers.

A study published in of more than 82, women found that high flavonoid intake lowered the risk of depression, especially among older women. Orange peels pack some of the highest flavonoids and vitamin C content than any citrus fruit.

A review published in found that the flavonoids in citrus peels help prevent cancer cells from growing and spreading. For example, flavonoids help regulate apoptosis, or programmed cell death. Apoptosis is a process the body uses to kill off abnormal cells before they multiply and grow out of control.

Orange juice may help you think clearly. For example, a study published in found that high intakes of citrus juice improved cognitive function in older adults. Another study published in found that drinking moderate quantities of citrus juice can enhance blood flow to the brain for healthy young adults.

One navel orange has the following nutritional profile:. In addition to vitamin C and fiber , oranges pack potassium and folate, two vital nutrients. Potassium supports heart, muscle, and bone health.

Folate is a B vitamin that helps make red blood cells and DNA. Oranges supply small amounts of calcium and magnesium. Calcium builds strong bones and teeth, helps your muscles and blood vessels contract, and aids in secreting hormones and proteins.

Magnesium has many functions, like helping strengthen your immune system, regulating your heartbeat, and building strong bones.

Even orange seeds offer nutritional value. A study published in looked at the components of valencia and blood orange seeds. The researchers noted that orange seeds generally contain unsaturated and essential fatty acids.

The researchers found that the valencia and blood orange seeds contain calcium, phosphorus, potassium, and macronutrients like protein and carbohydrates. Consuming oranges or their juice may have risks, such as:.

There are lots of ways to enjoy oranges. You can enjoy them whole, in sections, grated, or squeezed. Whole oranges are filling and provide more fiber than orange zest or orange juice.

Add them to overnight oats, garden salads , stir-fry, chilled whole-grain dishes, savory lettuce wraps, and slaw. Pair orange slices with nuts or seeds, cheese or yogurt, or herbed olives. Mix it up by trying different varieties, including navel, blood, and mandarin.

Opt for organic oranges if you decide to eat the peel. Organic oranges lower your exposure to pesticide residues. Zest the outer skin with a grater.

You may want to avoid the more bitter white pith. Add orange zest to homemade salad dressing. Orange zest also makes a good garnish for oatmeal, fruit salad, or avocado toast. You can sprinkle some on cooked veggies, quinoa, stir-fries, and desserts. Orange juice counts as part of your daily fruit intake.

You can drink freshly squeezed orange juice or cook with it. Try adding pure orange juice to stir-fry sauce, marinade, or soup. Consider using orange juice to make cocktails or mocktails, or freeze it in an ice cube tray and add it to water with mint or ginger. Oranges offer a wide range of health benefits.

Oranges are filling and full of vitamins, minerals, and plant compounds that help prevent chronic diseases and help manage healthy body weight. There are many ways to enjoy oranges, from eating them whole to adding the grated peel to dressing.

Food and Drug Administration. Oranges, raw, navels. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. How much water do you need? Water in diet. Daily value on the new nutrition and supplement facts labels.

Barber TM, Kabisch S, Pfeiffer AFH, et al. The health benefits of dietary fibre. National Institutes of Health. Health benefits of dietary fibers vary. Dietary fiber. Zamanillo-Campos R, Chaplin A, Romaguera D, et al.

Longitudinal association of dietary carbohydrate quality with visceral fat deposition and other adiposity indicators. Clin Nutr. Metabolic syndrome. Crudele L, Piccinin E, Moschetta A.

Healthy and Interesting Facts About Oranges - Market Basket

High concentrations of anthocyanin give the rind, flesh, and juice of the fruit their characteristic dark red color. Blood oranges were first discovered and cultivated in Sicily in the fifteenth century.

Since then they have spread worldwide, but are grown especially in Spain and Italy under the names of sanguina and sanguinella , respectively. The blood orange, with its distinct color and flavor, is generally considered favorably as a juice, and has found a niche as an ingredient variation in traditional Seville marmalade.

Maltese: a small and highly colored variety, generally thought to have originated in Italy as a mutation and cultivated there for centuries. It also is grown extensively in southern Spain and Malta. It is used in sorbets and other desserts due to its rich burgundy color.

Moro, originally from Sicily, it is common throughout Italy. This medium-sized fruit has a relatively long harvest, which lasts from December to April.

Sanguinelli, a mutant of the Doble Fina, was discovered in in Almenara, in the Castellón province of Spain. It is cultivated in Sicily. Tarocco is relatively new variety developed in Italy.

It begins to ripen in late January. Acidless oranges are an early-season fruit with very low levels of acid. They also are called "sweet" oranges in the United States, with similar names in other countries: douce in France, sucrena in Spain, dolce or maltese in Italy, meski in North Africa and the Near East where they are especially popular , şeker portakal "sugar orange" in Turkey, [58] succari in Egypt, and lima in Brazil.

The lack of acid, which protects orange juice against spoilage in other groups, renders them generally unfit for processing as juice, so they are primarily eaten. They remain profitable in areas of local consumption, but rapid spoilage renders them unsuitable for export to major population centres of Europe, Asia, or the United States.

Sweet oranges have also given rise to a range of hybrids, notably the grapefruit, which arose from a sweet orange x pomelo backcross. A spontaneous backcross of the grapefruit and sweet orange then resulted in the orangelo.

Spontaneous and engineered backcrosses between the sweet orange and mandarin oranges or tangerines has produced a group collectively known as tangors , which includes the clementine and Murcott.

More complex crosses have also been produced. The so-called Ambersweet orange is actually a complex sweet orange x Orlando tangelo x clementine hybrid, legally designated a sweet orange in the United States so it can be used in orange juices.

The taste of oranges is determined mainly by the relative ratios of sugars and acids, whereas orange aroma derives from volatile organic compounds , including alcohols , aldehydes , ketones , terpenes , and esters.

Sensory qualities vary according to genetic background, environmental conditions during development, ripeness at harvest, postharvest conditions, and storage duration. The United States Department of Agriculture USDA has established the following grades for Florida oranges, which primarily apply to oranges sold as fresh fruit: US Fancy, US No.

Fancy , the highest grade, requires the highest grade of color and an absence of blemishes, while the terms Bright , Golden , Bronze , and Russet concern solely discoloration. Grade numbers are determined by the amount of unsightly blemishes on the skin and firmness of the fruit that do not affect consumer safety.

The USDA separates blemishes into three categories:. The USDA uses a separate grading system for oranges used for juice because appearance and texture are irrelevant in this case. There are only two grades: US Grade AA Juice and US Grade A Juice, which are given to the oranges before processing.

Juice grades are determined by three factors:. Like most citrus plants, oranges do well under moderate temperatures—between It has been suggested that the use of water resources by the citrus industry in the Middle East is a contributing factor to the desiccation of the region, notably in the documentary series H2O: The Molecule That Made Us Another significant element in the full development of the fruit is the temperature variation between summer and winter and between day and night.

In cooler climates, oranges can be grown indoors. As oranges are sensitive to frost , there are different methods to prevent frost damage to crops and trees when subfreezing temperatures are expected. A common process is to spray the trees with water so as to cover them with a thin layer of ice that will stay just at the freezing point, insulating them even if air temperatures drop far lower.

This is because water continues to lose heat as long as the environment is colder than it is, and so the water turning to ice in the environment cannot damage the trees. This practice, however, offers protection only for a very short time. These devices burn with a great deal of particulate emission, so condensation of water vapour on the particulate soot prevents condensation on plants and raises the air temperature very slightly.

Smudge pots were developed for the first time after a disastrous freeze in Southern California in January destroyed a whole crop. It is possible to grow orange trees directly from seeds, but they may be infertile or produce fruit that may be different from its parent.

For the seed of a commercial orange to grow, it must be kept moist at all times. One approach is placing the seeds between two sheets of damp paper towel until they germinate and then planting them, although many cultivators just set the seeds straight into the soil.

Commercially grown orange trees are propagated asexually by grafting a mature cultivar onto a suitable seedling rootstock to ensure the same yield , identical fruit characteristics, and resistance to diseases throughout the years.

Propagation involves two stages: first, a rootstock is grown from seed. Then, when it is approximately one year old, the leafy top is cut off and a bud taken from a specific scion variety, is grafted into its bark.

The scion is what determines the variety of orange, while the rootstock makes the tree resistant to pests and diseases and adaptable to specific soil and climatic conditions. Thus, rootstocks influence the rate of growth and have an effect on fruit yield and quality.

Rootstocks must be compatible with the variety inserted into them because otherwise, the tree may decline, be less productive, or die. Among the several advantages to grafting are that trees mature uniformly and begin to bear fruit earlier than those reproduced by seeds 3 to 4 years in contrast with 6 to 7 years , [69] and that it makes it possible to combine the best attributes of a scion with those of a rootstock.

Canopy-shaking mechanical harvesters are being used increasingly in Florida to harvest oranges. Current canopy shaker machines use a series of six-to-seven-foot-long tines to shake the tree canopy at a relatively constant stroke and frequency.

Normally, oranges are picked once they are pale orange. Oranges must be mature when harvested. In the United States, laws forbid harvesting immature fruit for human consumption in Texas, Arizona, California and Florida. Ethylene gas is used to turn green skin to orange. This process is known as "degreening", also called "gassing", "sweating", or "curing".

Commercially, oranges can be stored by refrigeration in controlled-atmosphere chambers for up to twelve weeks after harvest. Storage life ultimately depends on cultivar, maturity, pre-harvest conditions, and handling. At home, oranges have a shelf life of about one month. The first major pest that attacked orange trees in the United States was the cottony cushion scale Icerya purchasi , imported from Australia to California in Within 20 years, it wiped out the citrus orchards around Los Angeles, and limited orange growth throughout California.

In , the USDA sent Alfred Koebele to Australia to study this scale insect in its native habitat. He brought back with him specimens of Novius cardinalis , an Australian ladybird beetle , and within a decade the pest was controlled.

The citrus greening disease , caused by the bacterium Liberobacter asiaticum , has been the most serious threat to orange production since It is characterized by streaks of different shades on the leaves, and deformed, poorly colored, unsavory fruit. In areas where the disease is endemic, citrus trees live for only five to eight years and never bear fruit suitable for consumption.

It was reported in Brazil by Fundecitrus Brasil in The disease is spread primarily by two species of psyllid insects. One of them is the Asian citrus psyllid Diaphorina citri Kuwayama , an efficient vector of the Liberobacter asiaticum.

Generalist predators such as the ladybird beetles Curinus coeruleus , Olla v-nigrum , Harmonia axyridis , and Cycloneda sanguinea , and the lacewings Ceraeochrysa spp.

and Chrysoperla spp. In , foliar applications of insecticides reduced psyllid populations for a short time, but also suppressed the populations of predatory ladybird beetles.

Soil application of aldicarb provided limited control of Asian citrus psyllid, while drenches of imidacloprid to young trees were effective for two months or more. Management of citrus greening disease is difficult and requires an integrated approach that includes use of clean stock, elimination of inoculum via voluntary and regulatory means, use of pesticides to control psyllid vectors in the citrus crop, and biological control of psyllid vectors in non-crop reservoirs.

Citrus greening disease is not under completely successful management. Greasy spot, a fungal disease caused by the Mycosphaerella citri , produces leaf spots and premature defoliation, thus reducing the tree's vigour and yield.

Ascospores of M. citri are generated in pseudothecia in decomposing fallen leaves. Oranges, whose flavor may vary from sweet to sour , are commonly peeled and eaten fresh raw or squeezed for juice. Orange juice is obtained by squeezing the fruit on a special tool a juicer or squeezer and collecting the juice in a tray underneath.

This can be made at home or, on a much larger scale, industrially. Brazil is the largest producer of orange juice in the world, followed by the United States, where it is one of the commodities traded on the New York Board of Trade. Frozen orange juice concentrate is made from freshly squeezed and filtered orange juice.

The thick bitter rind is usually discarded, but can be processed into animal feed by desiccation , using pressure and heat. It also is used in certain recipes as a food flavoring or garnish. The outermost layer of the rind can be thinly grated with a zester to produce orange zest.

Zest is popular in cooking because it contains oils and has a strong flavor similar to that of the orange pulp. The white part of the rind, including the pith, is a source of pectin and has nearly the same amount of vitamin C as the flesh and other nutrients. Although not as juicy or tasty as the flesh, orange peel is edible and has significant contents of vitamin C, dietary fiber , total polyphenols , carotenoids , limonene and dietary minerals , such as potassium and magnesium.

Sweet orange oil is a by-product of the juice industry produced by pressing the peel. It is used for flavoring food and drinks and also in the perfume industry and aromatherapy for its fragrance.

It is an efficient cleaning agent with a pleasant smell, promoted for being environmentally friendly and therefore, preferable to petrochemicals.

D -limonene is, however, classified as irritating to the skin and as very toxic to aquatic life in different countries. Marmalade preserves are traditionally made with Seville oranges , which are less sweet. All parts of the fruit are used: the pith and pips separated and placed in a muslin bag are boiled in a mixture of juice, slivered peel, sliced-up flesh, sugar, and water to extract their pectin, which helps the conserve to set.

In the United States, groves are located mainly in Florida , California , and Texas. The Indian River area of Florida is known for the high quality of its juice, which often is sold fresh in the United States and frequently blended with juice produced in other regions because Indian River trees yield very sweet oranges, but in relatively small quantities.

Orange juice is traded internationally as frozen, concentrated orange juice to reduce the volume used so that storage and transportation costs are lower. Contents move to sidebar hide. Article Talk. Read View source View history. Tools Tools. What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Page information Cite this page Get shortened URL Download QR code Wikidata item.

Download as PDF Printable version. In other projects. Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote. Citrus fruit. For other uses, see Orange peel disambiguation. Main article: Citrus taxonomy. Main article: Orange word. Link to USDA Database entry.

It has been suggested that portions of this section be split out into another article titled Valencia orange. Discuss July Well, not a well-known word anyway. There is a mountain range in Wales, Blorenge, that rhymes with orange! Orange is a type of citrus fruit that grows on evergreen trees.

Other examples of citrus fruits are lemons and grapefruits. They are well-known for their sharp sour taste. The size of an orange ranges from 2. Therefore, it usually weighs between 2 to 10 ounces. Oranges have such a wide weight range due to the different sizes they grow in. A single 5-ounce orange contains only 0.

Oranges, raw, navels. S Department of Agriculture. FoodData Central. Harvard Health Publishing. Harvard Medical School. Banana, raw. Department of Agriculture. Kaczmarczyk MM, Miller MJ, Freund GG. The health benefits of dietary fiber: beyond the usual suspects of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease and colon cancer.

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Food Sci Nutr. By Barbie Cervoni MS, RD, CDCES, CDN Barbie Cervoni MS, RD, CDCES, CDN, is a registered dietitian and certified diabetes care and education specialist, counseling patients with diabetes. Barbie was previously the Advanced Nutrition Coordinator for the Mount Sinai Diabetes and Cardiovascular Alliance and worked in pediatric endocrinology at The Steven and Alexandra Cohen Children's Medical Center.

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Oranges are a Maintaining a healthy waist-to-hip ratio all-star that offers more Orange Fruit Facts Orrange vitamin Inflammation and hormonal imbalance. When you think of the Oeange benefits of oranges, the first thing that probably springs to mind is vitamin C. Citrus fruits pack plenty of immune-supporting vitamin C. Still, oranges provide several other possible health benefits like cancer-fighting compounds and hydration. The nutrition of oranges ranges from minerals like potassium and phosphorous to substances that help delay or prevent chronic diseases.

Orange Fruit Facts -

Researchers found that people who consumed high amounts of whole grapefruit or orange juice were over a third more likely to develop melanoma than those who consumed low amounts.

This may have been due to citrus compounds that exert photocarcinogen properties. Learn more about the powerful health benefits of vitamin C here.

Oranges contain no sodium, which helps keep a person below their daily limit. Maintaining a low sodium intake is essential to lowering blood pressure. According to the Office of Dietary Supplements ODS , increasing potassium intake can reduce the risk of high blood pressure and stroke.

According to one review of previous meta-analyses, consuming enough fiber can significantly reduce the risk of heart disease both developing and being fatal. The review links this effect to its ability to lower cholesterol levels in the blood.

The ODS found that people with higher potassium intakes may have a lower risk of stroke and other cardiovascular diseases. They mainly attribute this to the effects of potassium on blood pressure. A medium orange weighing grams g contributes 3.

Several studies have found that fiber can improve some factors that contribute to diabetes development and progression.

For example, one study found that consuming 4 g of a dietary fiber supplement per day did not reduce blood glucose but improved how the body responds to insulin. Low insulin sensitivity can contribute to type 2 diabetes.

Weight control is also important for reducing the risk of diabetes, as obesity and overweight can contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes. The body processes fiber more slowly than other nutrients, so it can help a person feel fuller for longer and reduce their urge to eat snacks throughout the day.

Following a diet that contains a high proportion of fruits and vegetables can support blood sugar control and reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes and disease progression. That said, a diabetes friendly diet should include healthful foods from a variety of food groups. Learn more about the best fruits for people with diabetes here.

Consuming enough vitamin C can help a person maintain skin health and appearance. Vitamin C contributes to collagen production. Collagen supports the skin, promotes wound healing, and improves skin strength. The outcome of a review suggests that dietary vitamin C improved how people perceived their skin health and how healthful it actually was, including appearance, wrinkling, elasticity, and roughness.

One medium orange weighing g provides:. Choline is an important nutrient in oranges that helps with sleep, muscle movement, learning, and memory. Choline also aids the transmission of nerve impulses, assists in the absorption of fat, and reduces chronic inflammation.

Zeaxanthin is a type of carotenoid antioxidant that can reduce inflammation. According to a review , it can positively benefit heart, liver, skin, and eye health. It is best to pick oranges at the peak of their ripeness. Unlike some other fruits, they do not ripen or improve in quality after picking.

People should store oranges at room temperature and away from direct sunlight. It can be hard to find ripe fruits and vegetables in the winter. However, this is the perfect time to buy citrus fruits. Winter is the peak season for oranges and other citruses. People with gastroesophageal reflux disease may experience an increase in symptoms such as heartburn and regurgitation when consuming citrus fruits.

This is due to their high acid content. A person can achieve and maintain good health by eating a varied diet that contains many different types and groups of food. This article explores how mandarin oranges differ from other types of oranges, their nutritional profile, health benefits, and how to store them.

Lychee is a tropical fruit with numerous potential health benefits, as it is an excellent source of vitamin C and antioxidants. Learn more. Grapefruit is low in calories and high in nutrients that contribute to skin and cardiovascular health, among others.

The blackberry is rich in vitamin C, fiber, and antioxidants, and people can add them to their diet easily with some simple changes to their daily…. You can drink freshly squeezed orange juice or cook with it. Try adding pure orange juice to stir-fry sauce, marinade, or soup.

Consider using orange juice to make cocktails or mocktails, or freeze it in an ice cube tray and add it to water with mint or ginger.

Oranges offer a wide range of health benefits. Oranges are filling and full of vitamins, minerals, and plant compounds that help prevent chronic diseases and help manage healthy body weight. There are many ways to enjoy oranges, from eating them whole to adding the grated peel to dressing.

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Am J Clin Nutr. Office of Dietary Supplements. Vitamin C - health professional fact sheet. Garcia-Diaz DF, Lopez-Legarrea P, Quintero P, et al. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol Tokyo. Miles EA, Calder PC. Effects of citrus fruit juices and their bioactive components on inflammation and immunity: A narrative review.

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Chang SC, Cassidy A, Willett WC, et al. Dietary flavonoid intake and risk of incident depression in midlife and older women. Sir Elkhatim KA, Elagib RAA, Hassan AB. Content of phenolic compounds and vitamin C and antioxidant activity in wasted parts of Sudanese citrus fruits.

Food Sci Nutr. Koolaji N, Shammugasamy B, Schindeler A, et al. Citrus peel flavonoids as potential cancer prevention agents. Curr Dev Nutr. Chronic consumption of flavanone-rich orange juice is associated with cognitive benefits: an 8-wk, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in healthy older adults.

The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Lamport DJ, Pal D, Macready AL, et al. The effects of flavanone-rich citrus juice on cognitive function and cerebral blood flow: an acute, randomised, placebo-controlled cross-over trial in healthy, young adults.

British Journal of Nutrition. Potassium in diet. Folic acid in diet. Magnesium in diet. Adubofuor J, Akyereko YG, Batsa V, et al. Nutrient composition and physical properties of two orange seed varieties. Int J Food Sci. Auerbach BJ, Littman AJ, Krieger J, et al. Prev Med. Don't take this with that!

Kim JS, Kim BW. Are diet and micronutrients effective in treating gastroesophageal reflux disease especially in women?

J Neurogastroenterol Motil. NIH MedlinePlus Magazine. Heartburn: What you need to know. Use limited data to select advertising. Create profiles for personalised advertising. Use profiles to select personalised advertising.

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Develop and improve services. Use limited data to select content. List of Partners vendors. Wellness Nutrition Nutrition Basics. By Cynthia Sass, MPH, RD. Cynthia Sass, MPH, RD. Cynthia Sass is a nutritionist and registered dietitian with master's degrees in both nutrition science and public health.

Frequently seen on national TV, she's Health's contributing nutrition editor and counsels clients one-on-one through her virtual private practice. Cynthia is board certified as a specialist in sports dietetics and has consulted for five professional sports teams, including five seasons with the New York Yankees.

She is currently the nutrition consultant for UCLA's Executive Health program. Sass is also a three-time New York Times best-selling author and Certified Plant Based Professional Cook. Connect with her on Instagram and Facebook, or visit www.

health's editorial guidelines. Medically reviewed by Aviv Joshua, MS. Aviv Joshua, MS, RDN, LDN, is a clinical dietitian with over 10 years of experience in healthcare.

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Barbie Cervoni MS, Fuel your performance through proper hydration, CDCES, Odange, is Orange Fruit Facts registered dietitian and certified diabetes care and education specialist. Ffuit Orange Fruit Facts, MS, RDN is a registered dietitian nutritionist with a master of science in human nutrition. She is also Orangr host of Good Food Friday on ABC News 4. Most people think of oranges as an excellent source of vitamin C and they are. Oranges also offer a variety of other healthful nutrients, like calcium, potassium, fiber, and folate. Plus, they're easy to find, eat, store, and cook withand oranges are low in calories. Bitter orangessuch as Seville and bergamot, are used primarily for the essential oils found in their zest or skin.

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